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Asset Reporting: Characterisation of Assets for Registry

Part 1. General Asset Information

Asset NameChemical Import/Export Marine Terminals
Critical Infrastructure SectorChemical
Critical Infrastructure Sub-SectorAll sub-sectors:
  • Basic
  • Chemicals/Commodities
  • Specialty/Fine Chemicals
  • Consumer Chemicals
Brief Description of what it doesA marine terminal is an installation used for loading and unloading of chemicals, which may include liquid bulk jetties/terminals for ships and barges, pipelines between the jetties/terminals and tank farms for the storage of the raw materials and products, hoses or pipelines between the berth/jetty, wagon and truck loading/unloading stations.
 

Part 2. Hazard Information

Hazards that can impact the asset.
Heat waves, cold snapstick
Floods / costal floodstick
Forest Fires 
Droughts 
Sea level risetick
Ice, frost, permafrost 
Storm surges, wavestick
Lightning / thunderstormtick
Earth movement caused by climate drivers such as rain (landslide, erosion, avalanches, rock fall, soil subsidence, liquefaction, etc.)tick
Description of the impacts of each hazard (as selected in the table above) on the asset.
HazardImpacts on Asset
Cold SnapsExcessive low temperature can lead to freezing of certain fluids impairing the functionality of some critical systems if not adequately accounted for during design phase (e.g. freezing of water in firewater system). Potential formation solids (e.g. waxes, hydrates, etc.) inside process lines.
Floods/coastal floods

Inundation of terminals

Damage to infrastructure, protection works (jetties, breakwaters, etc.), equipment and cargo

Increased rates of corrosion / oxidation equipment, tanks and pipelines;

Sea level rise

Damage to infrastructure, protection works (jetties, breakwaters, etc.), equipment and cargo

Increased rates of corrosion / oxidation equipment, tanks and pipelines;

Possibility of pollutant dispersion, in the event that contaminated sites on land are affected by rising sea level;

Storm surges, waves

Heavy sea state can lead to structural damage of jetty structure or stop of activity as precaution to avoid incidents.

Oil tankers unable to moor due to strong winds or extreme sea state.

Reduced operability of the terminal to weather constraints.

Erosion of foundations with potential damage to pipeline integrity.

Lightning/thunderstormOperations limited or prohibited, potential damage to instrumentation if lighting protection not properly designed.
 

Part 3. Information on Dependencies and Interdependencies

Dependency: is a uni-directional linkage or connection between two assets belonging to the same or different infrastructure (sub)sectors, through which the ability of one infrastructure to provide a service is dependent on the operation of the other infrastructure but not vice versa. For example, infrastructure asset A1 depends on B1, but B1 does not depend on A1 to sustain its service level.

Interdependency: is a bidirectional relationship between two infrastructures through which each infrastructure mutually influences or is associated to the other. More generally, two infrastructures are interdependent when each is dependent on the other, for example, infrastructure asset A1 depends upon D1 and D1 depends on A1.

The following types of (inter)dependencies should be identified, where applicable, (Rinaldi et al):

Physical (inter)dependency: A physical (inter)dependency arises from a physical linkage between the inputs and outputs of two infrastructures. For example, if B1 is an electricity asset and A1 belongs to a water network, then a physical type of link exists if A1 requires electricity (from B1) to operate.

Cyber (inter)dependency: An infrastructure has a cyber (inter)dependency if its state depends on information transmitted through the information (ICT) infrastructure.

Geographic (inter)dependency: A geographic (inter)dependency occurs when assets of multiple infrastructures are in close spatial proximity. An example of a geographical (inter)dependency may arise if. e.g., a water pipe breaks causing flooding that impacts the assets of the same sector or other CI sectors in the vicinity of the pipe. An event (e.g., the disruption of Asset A1) can create changes in the operational state of Assets B1, C1 if they are located in spatial proximity (periphery) of Asset A1, thus establishing an ad hoc geographic interdependency.

Logical interdependency: Two infrastructures are logically interdependent if the state of each depends on the state of the other via a mechanism that is not a physical, cyber, or geographic connection. Logical interdependency is attributable to human decisions and actions.

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Key

A1= Asset in question, B1=Asset from sector B, C1= Asset from sector, D1= Asset from sector D.

Sub-sectors that the asset is connected and dependent on for its operation.
ASSET: Chemical Import-Export Marine Terminals
Sub-sectorDependencyInterdependency
PhysicalCyberGeographicalLogicalPhysicalCyberGeographicalLogical
Oiltick       
Gastick       
Coal        
Electricitytick       
Renewables        
District Heating        
Roadtick       
Railtick       
Aviation        
Maritimetick       
Inland waterwaytick       
Telecommunication tick      
Information Systems tick      
Drinking Water        
Wastewater        
Flood water        
Chemical        
Fire& Rescue Servicestick       
Emergency Medical Servicestick       
Military        
Law Enforcement        
Public Services        
Healthcare & public health        
(Inter)dependent Assets
Dependent/interdependent sub-sectorAsset within dependent/interdependent sub-sector
TelecommunicationSatCom Antennae: used for communication with bulk tankers, approaching vessels, emergency team, authorities and internet access;
Fire & Rescue ServicesCall centre, command and control system: fire and rescues services are required to intervene in case of emergency
OilOil tankers and pipelines for import of raw material/feedstocks to the chemical industry
RoadsRoadways and crossings/intersections
Rails

Commuter railway tracks, sidings, switches and crossovers

Tunnels

Bridges

Main railway stations, depots

Railroad crossings

Shunting yards, holding areas

Electricity

Distribution lines

Distribution Lines buried

 

Part 4. Photo of Asset

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Figure 1: Chemical liquid marine terminal. Photo credit: Royal HaskoningDHV

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Figure 2: Chemical liquid marine terminal. Photo credit: Corker

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Created by Paris Messios on 2018/10/28 18:09